Trading on the foreign exchange markets, better known as Forex trading, is one of the most popular in the world and has probably benefited more than any other market from the trading allowed to smaller investors by the Internet. Forex trading basically means that foreign currency is bought and sold by a trader in the hope that a movement in the foreign exchange market will increase the value of a specific currency over another. The advent of 24 hour trading that has taken place since the Internet brought investing into the homes of everybody and everybody with an Internet connection has led to trades being made on currencies from around the World.
One of the major reasons the Forex market has become so popular with traders from around the World is the fact it has become one of the least volatile available, with an average movement each day of less than 1 percent for most currencies. The lack of volatility means these markets can be used for both long and short term investments that had, in the past, made this market one of the most important for large investors, such as banks, hedge funds and mega rich individual investors.
In Forex trading, the investor purchases an amount of currency in the hope that they will later be able to sell it for a profit, which means the invested money can be moved between different currencies to build a profit over time. The market is also one of the simplest to gauge as the investments made on a large or small scale have little impact on a day to day basis. Even the largest investment made by banks and hedge funds can only move the value of a currency by a small amount, movements are instead largely based on the long term prediction of the state of the overall economy in a specific country.
The investments made in Forex trading can be done for any length of time, with some investors moving their funds around in just minutes to look for a major profit. Others gamble that a currency will rise over the future months and take a long term view of Forex trading.